lunes, 1 de diciembre de 2008

what I learned...

I learned a lot about the RoHS & WEEE guidelines and how are many countries following these guidelines and how does this problem is handled here in Venezuela. I talked about the RoHS directive around the world in the E.U., CHINA, JAPAN, U.S. and Venezuela.
The work experience was great, everybody did their job and we had a lot of fun working together, sharing and learning on how to create consumer awareness, specially here at URBE where the future generations of Electronic and Industrial Engineers are studying.

RoHS in the world

• China—Administration on the Control of Pollution Caused by
Electronic Information Products (China RoHS)
�� Effective March 1, 2007
�� Duplicates most EU product categories + also covers packaging
materials
�� Implemented in two phases
• Japan—Enforcement Regulation of the Waste Management and
Public Cleansing Law
�� Effective July 1, 2006
�� Product categories are similar to EU RoHS
• U.S.
�� Federal – limited activity
�� States – led by CA, MA, ME, NY, WA, VT
�� Increasingly regional in approach
�� Enforcement is ad hoc and public
�� No judicial resolution=uncertain precedent
�� Patchwork of rules and confusion


Europe RoHS Directive
�� Exempt – Defense, Aerospace, Automotive, Medical and parts of
Communication.
�� Most suppliers only want to run 1 production line and will
only make RoHS compliant versions.
�� Suppliers that continue to support non-compliant product will
consider raising prices from 15% - 40%.
�� About 70% of the suppliers are changing their part numbers.
�� Only about 50% of the customers have converted to RoHS in North
America.
�� Currently there is no consideration given to supporting a RoHS
initiative/directive here in the U.S. or North America.


Japan RoHS Directive
�� The Law for the Promotion of Effective Utilization of resources seeks
to establish a sustainable society based on the 3R’s of reduce,
reuse and recycling. Industries are targeted and requirements are
instituted on an ad hoc basis, based upon technology that is
available to support 3R initiatives.
�� Manufacturers and importers of computers, televisions, refrigerators,
washers & dryers, microwaves and air conditioners must label their
products to indicate presence of the six RoHS substances.
�� Importers of computers, copiers, televisions, refrigerators, washers
& dryers, microwaves and air conditioners must now meet the
Design for Environment (DfE) criteria required of domestic
manufacturers.


China RoHS Directive
�� Covered products include electronic radar products, electronic
communication products, broadcast TV products, electronic measurement
instruments, fixed manufacturing equipment, medical and diagnostic
equipment, and electronics in vehicles and aircraft.
�� There are no exemptions.
�� Packaging materials must be non-toxic, and they must be easily degradable
or recyclable.
�� Manufacturers and importers must specify the time period during which
potentially toxic substances in a covered product will not leak or mutate.
�� All covered products must be certified by China and testing by Chinese labs
will be required to become compliant. No “self declaration” that is allowed
per the EU Directive.
�� Extensive labeling requirements required on all individual components.


Canada province & USA State WEEE laws
�� California and Alberta make buyers of certain new electronic equipment
(including computers and TVs) pay a recycle fee. Contractor hired to
recycle e-waste.
�� Cell phone take-back laws in CA & ME.
�� ME, MD, WA, British Columbia &
Saskatchewan have enacted
rules requiring manufacturer
take-back of e-waste.
�� State rules restricting mercury in
consumer products appearing in
CT, ME, MA, NH, NJ and NY.
�� Pressure building for national
WEEE laws in Canada and USA.

domingo, 30 de noviembre de 2008

RoHS

TEAM MEMBERS

Eduardo Iragorri, Eva Paez, Gabriel Perez y Christopher Greaves.

THE PROBLEM

Although there aren't many electronics products that are actually made in our country, the ones we buy from other countries
have no restrictions as to which materials and chemicals they possess, exposing our landfills to highly toxic and poisonous
heavy metals and hazardous materials which are soluble in water and that way transported to our water resources, then
to our farms, and finally to the food we eat, causing poisoning, cancer and other serious pathologies which could even lead
to death.

OUR METHODOLOGY

Our project seeks to inform and educate the new generation of industrial and electronics engineers at URBE about how
hazardous these materials can be, so they can appreciate the importance of the RoHS Directive that was born in Europe to
protect themselves from these hazards, and even if not officially endorsed by our government, avoid the use of these
substances or ban products containing them on their laboral environment... That way we can make a difference, be it
big and public, or small and anonymous...

We have organized the information we want to propagate in three main stages:

1- WHY LEAD FREE? and WHY NOT JUST RECYCLE?
Given there are 6 banned substances with very adverse effects to public health, we will focus our project's first objective to
the understanding of these adverse effects and the difficulty there is to dispose these materials or recycle them...

2- WHAT ARE THESE SO HAZARDOUS MATERIALS USED FOR?
The second objective of our project is to let you know how come these materials are so used, why are they so broadly used
and what for... Also we intend to show you there are earth-friendly alternatives to their use in electronics processes...

3- THE RoHS DIRECTIVE IN THE WORLD
The third objective of our project is to inform our audience of what the RoHS Directive is, what was it made for, how it works
and how other countries have been taking different approaches to solving the same problem... and how others just haven't

OUR ENGINEERING SOLUTION

Given the characteristics of the RoHS Directive, we think something like it could be successfully applied in our country with
the endorsement of our government. We think that because the Directive does not only ban the production of electronic
appliances using these materials, but also the commercialization of these products in the given geographic area. Also, the
fact that even something as little as the tin-coating used in the manufacture of a transistor used in an amplifying module,
used inside a radio rx module of a sound system, could make the whole system unacceptable by the directive, could mean
that the manufacturers by themselves would filter their suppliers to make sure all of them are RoHS or Lead-Free Compliant,
and that way the non-compliant ones could end up becoming compliant to be able to compete in the market.

Pushing to make this a standard in our country, just as many of other countries are doing, could speed up the
standardization of this as a worldwide policy protecting our soil from these pollutants and improving our health and
life quality.


lunes, 3 de noviembre de 2008

Controls Engineer (dreamed job)

link: http://jobview.monster.com/GetJob.aspx?JobID=77166349&JobTitle=Controls+Engineer&occ=4.11782&rad=20&rad_units=miles&sid=92&brd=1&cy=us&vw=b&AVSDM=2008-11-03+09%3a08%3a00&pg=1&seq=11

This looks like the kind of job that would be my dreamed job. Because I fill all the requirements, qualifications... also I really like all the primary responsibilities. Besides, I like the location and most importantly the company Aerotek CE looks to be a great place to work for and to grow.

Electronics Lab Technician Job in Sugarland, Texas US

link: http://jobview.monster.com/GetJob.aspx?JobID=77183620&JobTitle=Electronics+Lab+Technician&occ=4.11782&rad=20&rad_units=miles&sid=92&brd=1&cy=us&vw=b&AVSDM=2008-11-03+16%3a42%3a00&pg=1&seq=12


this job is for an entry level engineer, I picked this job because I fill all the requirements and looks to be an easy work and an opportunity to learn and have a nice experience ;D.

Top 10 Online Job Search Tips

By reading the articleI found out that there are many things to do when searching online for jobs. The Internet is a great resource for job hunters, it only has to be used properly. I learned that I need to make a easy to navigate web site, check that there nothing wrong about me on a google internet search, that I have to be specific and go to the source of the job I want, that I should try online recruiters and make use of video resumes and finally get connected online.

Nikola Tesla

I decided to write about nikola testa because he was a great inventor and the father of electricity as we know it.. because he was the one that propoused alternate current.

Nikola Tesla (Serbian Cyrillic: Никола Тесла) (10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was an inventor and a mechanical and electrical engineer. Born in Smiljan, Croatian Krajina, Austrian Empire, he was an ethnic Serb subject of the Austrian Empire and later became an American citizen. Tesla is often described as the most important scientist and inventor of the modern age, a man who "shed light over the face of Earth". He is best known for many revolutionary contributions in the field of electricity and magnetism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Tesla's patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current electric power (AC) systems, including the polyphase power distribution systems and the AC motor, with which he helped usher in the Second Industrial Revolution. Contemporary biographers of Tesla have regarded him as "The Father of Physics", "The man who invented the twentieth century" and "the patron saint of modern electricity."
After his demonstration of
wireless communication (radio) in 1894 and after being the victor in the "War of Currents", he was widely respected as one of the greatest electrical engineers who worked in America. Much of his early work pioneered modern electrical engineering and many of his discoveries were of groundbreaking importance. During this period, in the United States, Tesla's fame rivaled that of any other inventor or scientist in history or popular culture, but due to his eccentric personality and his seemingly unbelievable and sometimes bizarre claims about possible scientific and technological developments, Tesla was ultimately ostracized and regarded as a mad scientist. Never having put much focus on his finances, Tesla died impoverished at the age of 86.
The
SI unit measuring magnetic flux density or magnetic induction (commonly known as the magnetic field B), the tesla, was named in his honour (at the Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures, Paris, 1960), as well as the Tesla effect of wireless energy transfer to wirelessly power electronic devices which Tesla demonstrated on a low scale (lightbulbs) as early as 1893 and aspired to use for the intercontinental transmission of industrial energy levels in his unfinished Wardenclyffe Tower project.
Aside from his work on
electromagnetism and electromechanical engineering, Tesla has contributed in varying degrees to the establishment of robotics, remote control, radar and computer science, and to the expansion of ballistics, nuclear physics, and theoretical physics. In 1943, the Supreme Court of the United States credited him as being the inventor of the radio. Many of his achievements have been used, with some controversy, to support various pseudosciences, UFO theories, and early New Age occultism.
Tesla is honored in
Serbia and Croatia, as well as in the Czech Republic. He was awarded the highest order of the White Lion by Czechoslovakia.